Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. This dissertation assesses the prospects for private-sector investment in hydrogen and fuel cell technologies using an innovative application of real options analysis. Specifically, the dissertation considers the decision faced by natural gas utilities over whether, how, and to what extent they should invest in projects that could be of value if a hydrogen energy market develops in the future. This is a problem of investment under uncertainty when there is little prior information available and where the investment itself could affect the future development of this market. The ultimate goal of the dissertation is to identify investment strategies that are robust against alternative futures and assess the trade-offs of various policy instruments.
Hydrogen cars explained: the technology targeting a fuel-cell future
Ammonia for Fuel Cells: a literature review - Ammonia Energy Association
Hydrogen technologies have experienced cycles of excessive expectations followed by disillusion. Nonetheless, a growing body of evidence suggests these technologies form an attractive option for the deep decarbonisation of global energy systems, and that recent improvements in their cost and performance point towards economic viability as well. This paper is a comprehensive review of the potential role that hydrogen could play in the provision of electricity, heat, industry, transport and energy storage in a low-carbon energy system, and an assessment of the status of hydrogen in being able to fulfil that potential. The picture that emerges is one of qualified promise: hydrogen is well established in certain niches such as forklift trucks, while mainstream applications are now forthcoming.
Hydrogen fuel cell cars
Fuel cells are classified primarily by the kind of electrolyte they employ. This classification determines the kind of electro-chemical reactions that take place in the cell, the kind of catalysts required, the temperature range in which the cell operates, the fuel required, and other factors. These characteristics, in turn, affect the applications for which these cells are most suitable. There are several types of fuel cells currently under development, each with its own advantages, limitations, and potential applications. Learn more about the following types of fuel cells.
Literary Review. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change the process of burning fossil fuels such as, coal, gasoline, diesel fuel, and oil, has been one of the leading catalyst to global warming in the last century. Literature, as well as scientific data, has indicated that global warming has been directly connected to the human activity of burning fossil fuels for many different applications such as, power, heat, and transportation. As fossil fuels are burned in factories, machinery, and automobiles, roughly 5.