The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between and The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War — , gaining independence from the British Crown and establishing the United States of America , the first modern constitutional liberal democracy. American colonists objected to being taxed by the British Parliament, a body in which they had no direct representation. Before the s, Britain's American colonies had enjoyed a high level of autonomy in their internal affairs, which were governed by colonial legislatures. The passage of the Stamp Act of , which imposed internal taxes on the colonies, led to colonial protest, and the meeting of representatives of several colonies in the Stamp Act Congress.
Federalist Papers: Primary Documents in American History
African American Records: Freedmen's Bureau | National Archives
This paper addresses the economic impact of the COVID pandemic by providing timely and accurate information on the impact of the current pandemic on income and poverty to inform the targeting of resources to those most affected and assess the success of current efforts. We construct new measures of the income distribution and poverty with a lag of only a few weeks using high frequency data from the Basic Monthly Current Population Survey CPS , which collects income information for a large, representative sample of U. Because the family income data for this project are rarely used, we validate this timely measure of income by comparing historical estimates that rely on these data to estimates from data on income and consumption that have been used much more broadly. Our results indicate that at the start of the pandemic, government policy effectively countered its effects on incomes, leading poverty to fall and low percentiles of income to rise across a range of demographic groups and geographies. Simulations that rely on the detailed CPS data and that closely match total government payments made show that the entire decline in poverty that we find can be accounted for by the rise in government assistance, including unemployment insurance benefits and the Economic Impact Payments. Our simulations further indicate that of those losing employment the vast majority received unemployment insurance, though this was less true early on in the pandemic and receipt was uneven across the states, with some states not reaching a large share of their out of work residents.
African American Records: Freedmen's Bureau
Read research paper, term paper and essay samples written by our professional writers and feel free to use them as a source of inspiration and ideas for your own academic work. When asked to write an essay, a term paper, or a research paper for the first time, many students feel intimated. This feeling is normal for freshmen and final-year students. A good way to overcome this feeling is to use paper or essay samples as your writing guide.
Have a question? Need assistance? Use our online form to ask a librarian for help. The essays were published anonymously, under the pen name "Publius," in various New York state newspapers of the time.