The essay focuses on political language, which, according to Orwell, "is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind". Orwell believed that the language used was necessarily vague or meaningless because it was intended to hide the truth rather than express it. This unclear prose was a "contagion" which had spread to those who did not intend to hide the truth, and it concealed a writer's thoughts from himself and others. Orwell relates what he believes to be a close association between bad prose and oppressive ideology:. In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defence of the indefensible.
George Orwell Language Analysis - Words | Bartleby
This causes a significant downturn in overall communication abilities as well as intelligence. In his essay, Orwell catalogues a few of the more prominent vices. Dying Metaphors: A metaphor is hackneyed and has numerous definitions defining it. It is generally used when the author takes the left behind knowledge and comprehension of the metaphor, alternatively thinking of their own metaphor. Frequently, they can also be a production from the past, and can be incorporated in an unsuitable manner. Pretentious Diction: Countless words that are utilized to input emphasis to an opinion and or bias, by toning it sound unaffiliated, unbiased, and completely analytical.
Politics and the English Language
A huge portion of English pros could be potentially be considered as bad pros because we as humans do not recognize these problems, Dying Metaphors, False Limbs, Pretentious Diction, and Meaningless Words all are substantial in the creation of unprincipled English writing. Historically America has favored white males providing them social and economic privileges such as access to jobs, land owning, etc. It has not been until recently that people of color and white women were being included into this loop due to recent political and social change. A british writer, John Humphrys thinks texting leads to bad habits.
Orwell opens by discussing the value of working against the decay of the English language. Language is a tool, he argues. Thus, if it is corroding, this is a human-controlled rather than simply natural process. Its corrosion is reversible. In clear terms, Orwell describes the cycle in which the poor use of language becomes reinforced by that poor use.