To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Papers People. Expression of prune dwarf Ilarvirus coat protein sequences in Nicotiana benthamiana plants interferes with PDV systemic proliferation. Abstract Prune dwarf virus PDV is an Ilarvirus sys-temically infecting almond trees and other Prunus species and spreading through pollen, among other means.
Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering as well as cell- and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures and history for modifying living organisms according to human purposes : going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and improvements to these through breeding programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. By comparison to biotechnology, bioengineering is generally thought of as a related field with its emphasis more on higher systems approaches not necessarily altering or using biological materials directly for interfacing with and utilizing living things.
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