Previously known as ophthalmic opticians, optometrists are primary health care specialists trained to examine the eyes to detect defects in vision, signs of injury, ocular diseases or abnormality and problems with general health. They make a health assessment, offer clinical advice, prescribe spectacles or contact lenses and refer patients for further treatment, when necessary. Optometrists study at university for at least three years and must participate in a period of assessed clinical training in practice, before being deemed to have the knowledge and skills needed to be registered. Once registered, they have the opportunity to take further qualifications and develop their interests in specialist areas of practice.
Ocular manifestations of SARS-CoV-2: Literature review
Roles of IL-6 in Ocular Inflammation: A Review
This post is a rapid literature review of pertinent paediatric literature regarding COVID disease. Our search and review methods have changed as the pace and utility of the published literature has evolved over time. Initially we produced a written review of all publications, however on April 17 th we moved to a more selective review process. All articles were read in full, then if high enough quality, determined by consensus and involvement of a clinical academic, a written review was also produced. As of June 30 th , we have again revised our process as the urgent need for rapid evidence synthesis has lessened, and the volume of research published remains extremely high, with much of it adding little to the current body of knowledge. Our search criteria has therefore narrowed, and of the articles identified as relevant, only those felt to be of exceptional quality or impact as determined by consensus with involvement of a clinical academic are selected for written review. Here we present the top 10 papers from each category Paediatric clinical cases , Epidemiology and transmission , and Neonates.
Bacterial profile of ocular infections: a systematic review
Marginal zone B-cell lymphomas , also known as marginal zone lymphomas MZLs , are a heterogeneous group of lymphomas that derive from the malignant transformation of marginal zone B-cells. MALT , the spleen , or lymph nodes. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue is a diffuse system of small concentrations of lymphoid tissue found in various submucosal membrane sites of the body such as the gastrointestinal tract , mouth , nasal cavity , pharynx , thyroid gland , breast , lung , salivary glands , eye , skin and the human spleen. However, NMZL carries a somewhat worse long term outcome than the other subtypes  and any of the MZL subtypes may progress in a low percentage of cases to a more aggressive lymphoma, particularly diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Download PDF. As the debate persists over when and how to use ocular steroids, four experts share insight on this topic and offer tips to achieve success with these powerful agents. No one is allowed to die or go blind without a trial of steroids!