A 34 year-old woman with a history of heavy alcohol use presents to the emergency room complaining of increasing shortness of breath and right-sided chest pain. Her past medical history is remarkable for several prior episodes of pancreatitis, likely secondary to her chronic alcohol use. A chest x-ray is performed and is shown below:. She initially undergoes thoracentesis for symptom relief but studies are not performed on the fluid.
Hepatitis and pancreatitis caused by alcoholic abuse
Case study: Fatty liver and pancreatitis combined | Liver Doctor
Metrics details. Acute kidney injury in patients with acute pancreatitis carries a poor prognosis. Hemolytic uremic syndrome HUS is characterized by non-immune hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal failure caused by platelet thrombi in the microcirculation of the kidney, and though rare in adults it is associated with high mortality and a high rate of chronic renal failure. Herein, we report a case of alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis in a year-old Chinese female complicated by HUS. Her renal function progressively deteriorated in 2 days, and daily continuous renal replacement therapy CRRT was thus performed for a total of 13 treatments. She also received intermittent transfusions of fresh frozen plasma.
Alcohol abuse continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. It is well understood that chronic alcohol dependence negatively affects many organs in the human body. Among the common organs liver, brain, heart , alcohol-induced pancreatitis is less prevalent and least understood, but it is known to be extremely painful and potentially fatal to the patient.
Long term exposure to alcohol consumption will cause damage to nearly every system in the body including but not limited to the gastrointestinal system, cardiovascular system, integumentary system, and nervous system. With each system damaged, it has the potential to systemically affect the other ones. This may vary depending on the amount of alcohol consumed and the number of years.