Recent and predicted climatic change and potential impact on coasts. The relationship between process, time, landforms and landscapes in coastal settings. Traditional approaches to coastal flood and erosion risk: hard and soft engineering. Sustainable approaches to coastal flood risk and coastal erosion management 3. Coastal systems.
Wallasea Island is an area of hectares of reclaimed wetlands located on the Crouch Estuary in Essex. Five hundred years ago there were 30, hectares of intertidal saltmarshes around the Essex coast, compared with 2, hectares today. In the 15th century the Dutch constructed a sea wall and drained the land at Wallasea for agriculture. At the end of the 20th Century the sea wall fell into disrepair at the same time as the risk of flooding increased. The Wallasea Island Project is an example of a new approach to the management of floods. The more traditional approach of building hard defences such as sea walls is being replaced where appropriate by managing the land in a more sustainable way:.
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